发生错误 详情 隐藏
您有未保存页面 恢复 取消

Government policies and global competition that have contributed to regular fluctuation in the total global area under vines - wine vines, that is - have done little to upset France’s and Italy’s continued dominance in wine production. In 2014, France overtook Italy’s worldwide lead the year before, producing nearly 47 million hectoliters (4.6 billion liters) of wine.

  • The Wine Institute and the International Organization of Vine and Wine (OIV) estimate that the globe surface area under vines is between 7.26 and 7.57 million hectares, an area roughly equivalent to the area of the Czech Republic. In 2014, just five countries—China, France, Italy, Spain, and Turkey—made up 50 percent of the world’s total vineyard area.
  • The EU’s Grubbing-Up program that ended in 2011 led to a reduction of vineyards in Europe that has only recently rebounded. 
  • The planted area in some countries, including Argentina, Chile, and China, has continued to increase in recent years. China emerged several years ago among the top 5 countries globally by total area under vines.

Despite the decreasing area under vines globally, grape production has trended upward since 2000 because of improved yields and more favorable climate conditions. Growers produced nearly 70 million tons of grapes in 2014. European vines alone yielded roughly 40 percent of all grapes produced in 2014, with Asia and the Americas accounting for 29 and 21 percent of global production, respectively. The resulting wine yield, however, from this global increase in grape production is disputed. 

  • According to the Wine Institute, total global wine production increased slightly from 27.9 to 28.2 million tons between 2013 and 2014. 
  • In contrast, the OIV reports a 7 percent decrease in production during the same period.

With top wine producers facing tough competition from American, Argentinian, Australian, Chilean, Chinese, and South African wine growers, growers will need to more closely than ever try to shape and monitor the flavor and marketing sensitivities of their consumers. Up for grabs are the 10.4 billion liters (as of 2014) of wine traded annually, a 2.5 percent increase from 2013. So, who are these consumers? The top producers are actually net exporters of wine, an unsurprising consequence of robust production. These net exporters, however, consume less wine than other countries that are net importers of wine, which includes China, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. 

Download our latest AGRICULTURE data brief

The Agriculture Data Brief spans land use, machinery, and fertilizers to agricultural production, trade, and forecasts, providing you with the latest data and insights developed using recognized data sources to support your analysis.

来自Knoema的相关见解

US Agricultural Exports to China Falling, Farmers Seek New Markets

Ask any American soybean farmer about current market conditions and US-China trade frictions will bubble up in the conversation. After the late June meeting between presidents Xi Jinping and Donald Trump in Osaka, Trump assured American farmers that trade talks would resume and that China would buy a tremendous amount of food and agricultural products very soon. Yet, in the month since, no significant purchases have been announced and no information is publicly available on large purchases in the offing, especially now, as the trade-war escalated again with the new 10-percent...

World Exports and Imports of Agricultural products

Agricultural products cover the following commodity categories: Source: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Merchandise trade matrix, exports and imports, annual, 1995-2016.

Major Fruits Producing Countries in The World, 2017

India is a superstar in fruits production, outstripping all other countries in 2017 in the production of bananas, mangos and guava, and papaya, and appearing in the top three for pineapple production. China is a major player in fruits as well. Did you know China is the global leader in apple production? It harvested about 41 million tonnes of apples in 2017. But production is not everything. Take a look at Chile, a country that produces apples far more productively than most others, including China, on a hectogrammes per hectare (hg/ha) basis. Look to China for grapes and...

Difference of Daily Diet Across Countries

Which countries have the healthiest diets? Food poverty is about the inability to afford and/or access food in sufficient quantity and of required quality and it is pervasive, regardless of the income per capita of a population. Ideally, food intake should be balanced, which implies access to fresh vegetables and fruits, grains, proteins (meats and beans), dairy products, and healthy oils while minimizing or reducing consumption of alcohol, salt, and sugar. For a variety of reasons, income being paramount, disparities in access to quality food undermines the average daily diets of...