The presidential election in the United States is an indirect election in which US citizens vote not directly for the President but for a set of electors known as the U.S. Electoral College who, in turn, cast ballots directly for President and Vice President. To win the vote candidate should get the majority of electoral votes.
The designation of the electors by citizens is conducted in the manner of the popular vote, which takes place on the Election Day, determined to be on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. Thus, current 2016 United States presidential elections will be held on November 8.
During the popular vote, citizens in each state are required to select a set of electors - who are pledged to vote for one of the candidates - by selecting this candidate on the ballot.
Each of 50 states has a certain number of electors, that depends on the population of the state: the more the population of the state the bigger the number of electors from that state. As a whole, there are 538 electors in the Electoral Colledge.
If the majority of people in a state voted for a specific candidate then all the state's electors should vote for this candidate on the electoral vote - the system, known as "winner-takes-all". This system makes presidential nominees analyze whether it is possible to get the majority in each state.
See also: U.S. Presidential Elections Data Hub | 2016 Presidential Elections: Latest Polls | Campaign Financing | Election Preferences & Presidential Job Approval | Gender Differences | Length of Political Party Platform | Presidential Vetoes | National Conventions
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