U.S. Department of Agriculture
访问日期： 18 一月, 2019
Errata: On October 2, 2018, incorrect milk cost and return data for the Southern Seaboard region were posted for 2017 in the ERS topic page Commodity Costs and Returns. On October 12, 2018, incorrect milk feed cost data for the Southern Seaboard region were posted for 2011-15 in the ERS topic page Commodity Costs and Returns. The U.S. average and other regional estimates were unaffected by these errors. The data have been revised and new files have been posted.
Cost and return estimates are reported for the United States and major production regions for corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, grain sorghum, rice, peanuts, oats, barley, milk, hogs, and cow-calf. The history of commodity cost and return estimates for the U.S. and regions is divided into three categories: Current, Recent, and Historical estimates. Cost-of Production Forecasts are also available for major U.S. field crops. Also see Organic Costs and Returns for corn, milk, wheat, and soy.
Note: The most recent milk costs and returns are the first estimates developed from the 2016 Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) dairy data. The estimates replace those previously reported for 2016 and 2017 that were set by indexing the 2010 ARMS dairy data for annual price changes. In addition, revisions have been made to the purchased and homegrown feed cost estimates for 2011 through 2015. After reviewing the 2016 survey data, it appears likely that the method used to index the 2010 dairy feed costs did not provide the best reflection of how these costs moved during years between the 2010 and 2016 surveys. To address this issue, purchased feed cost estimates for 2011-15 were re-estimated by applying changes in the prices paid index for feed grains (published by the National Agricultural Statistics Service) to the 2010 survey data. Homegrown feed costs were re-estimated using changes in the prices paid index for hay and forages. Moving forward, these indexes will be used to set the milk feed costs using the 2016 ARMS data.