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奥地利

  • 总统:Dr. Alexander Van der Bellen
  • 总理:Brigitte Bierlein
  • 首都:Vienna
  • 语言:German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in South Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 est.)
  • 政府
  • 国家统计局
  • 人口,人口:8,847,037 (2018)
  • 面积,平方公里:82,523
  • 人均国内生产总值,美元:51,513 (2018)
  • GDP,目前美元十亿美元:455.7 (2018)
  • 基尼系数:No data
  • 经商容易度排名:26

Biodiversity

所有数据集:  G L O P S T
  • G
    • 四月 2018
      来源: United Nations Statistics Division
      上传者: Knoema
      访问日期: 21 十一月, 2018
      选择数据集
      Environmental Indicators disseminate global environment statistics on ten indicator themes compiled from a wide range of data sources. The themes and indicator tables were selected based on the current demands for international environmental statistics and the availability of internationally comparable data. Indicator tables, charts and maps with relatively good quality and coverage across countries, as well as links to other international sources, are provided under each theme. Statistics on Water and Waste are based on official statistics supplied by national statistical offices and/or ministries of environment (or equivalent institutions) in response to the biennial UNSD/UNEP Questionnaire on Environment Statistics, complemented with comparable statistics from OECD and Eurostat, and water resources data from FAO Aqua stat. Statistics on other themes were compiled by UNSD from other international sources. In a few cases, UNSD has made some calculations in order to derive the indicators. However, generally no adjustments have been made to the values received from the source. UNSD is not responsible for the quality, completeness/availability, and validity of the data. Environment statistics is still in an early stage of development in many countries, and data are often sparse. The indicators selected here are those of relatively good quality and geographic coverage. Information on data quality and comparability is given at the end of each table together with other important metadata.
  • L
    • 十月 2018
      来源: Eurostat
      上传者: Knoema
      访问日期: 03 十一月, 2018
      选择数据集
      The indicator ´Landscape fragmentation´ is a measure of the degree to which movement between different parts of the landscape is interrupted by barriers. It is expressed in number of meshes per 1000 km² - the effective mesh density (seff). The more barriers fragmenting the landscape, the higher the effective mesh density. Landscape fragmentation contributes significantly to the decline and loss of wildlife populations and to the increasing endangerment of species in Europe, for example through the dissection and isolation of populations, and affects the water regime and the recreational quality of landscapes. The effective mesh density is published by the European Environment Agency (EEA). Data exist only for year 2009 and are retrieved from the joint EEA FOEN Report: Landscape Fragmentation in Europe - 2009. The indicator is a Resource Efficiency Indicator (t2020_rn110). It has been chosen for the assessment of the progress towards the objectives and targets of the Europe 2020 flagship initiative on Resource efficiency presented in the Resource Efficiency scoreboard.   t2020_rn110´s table within the Europe 2020 set: Eurobase > Tables on EU policy > Europe 2020 Indicators > Resource efficiency > Natural capital and ecosystem services > Biodiversity > Landscape fragmentation (t2020_rn110)
  • O
    • 二月 2012
      来源: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
      上传者: Knoema
      选择数据集
      The data presented here refer to the latest year available, which corresponds to the late 2000s for most countries. The data on the state of threatened species build on country replies to the Annual Quality Assurance (AQA) of OECD environmental reference series. These data are harmonised through the work of the OECD Working Party on Environmental Information (WPEI). Some where updated or revised on the basis of comments from national Delegates and in the framework of the OECD Environmental Performance Reviews. When interpreting these data, it should be borne in mind that the number of species known does not always accurately reflect the number of species in extistence and that varying definitions can limit comparability accross countries. The data presented here show numbers of known species and threatened species with the aim of indicating the state of mammals, birds, freshwater fish, reptiles, amphibians and vascular plants.
  • P
    • 五月 2019
      来源: Eurostat
      上传者: Knoema
      访问日期: 05 五月, 2019
      选择数据集
      Annual data on biodiversity are re-published under agreement with the data providers, who are also responsible for the data quality. Eurostat does not receive the data from the Member States. Updates are annual, but with no particular calendar, because we depend on the data providers' ability to deliver. Eurostat's role is to check data quality, provide feedback to the data providers and publish the data it deems to be reliable. Eurostat should therefore NOT be quoted as the source. The topics covered and providers are: Protected terrestrial area by Member State (env_bio1; from Natura 2000 Barometer, DG ENV and EEA)Protected marine area by Member State (idem)Sufficiency index of protected terrestrial area by Member State (idem, to be discontinued and replaced)Sufficiency index of protected marine area by Member State (idem, to be discontinued and replaced)Common farmland bird index by Member State (env_bio2; BirdLife NGOs and OECD)EU Common bird indices by type of estimate (env_bio3; unsmoothed, smoothed with confidence interval) (EBCC/ RSPB /BirLife/Statistics Netherlands Souces for protected areas, European Commission Directorate-General for the Environment (DG ENV),  European Environment Agency (EEA) and its European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (particularly for the sufficiency indices). Birds: The European Bird Census Council (EBCC) and its Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme (PECBMS) programme. The source to be quoted for the EU Common bird indices by type of estimate is EBCC/RSPB/BirdLife/Statistics Netherlands. The source to be quoted for Common farmland bird index by Member State is the national BirdLife organisation, re-published from OECD.
  • S
    • 五月 2019
      来源: Eurostat
      上传者: Knoema
      访问日期: 05 五月, 2019
      选择数据集
      The index of sufficiency of Member States proposals for sites designated under the habitats directive measures the extent to which Sites of Community Importance proposed by the Member States adequately cover the species and habitats listed in Annexes I and II to the habitats directive. 100% indicates sufficiency of proposals for all Annex I terrestrial habitat types and Annex II terrestrial species of Community interest occuring in Member States' territories.
    • 三月 2018
      来源: Eurostat
      上传者: Knoema
      访问日期: 12 三月, 2018
      选择数据集
      %The index of sufficiency of Member States proposals for sites designated under the habitats directive measures the extent to which Sites of Community Importance proposed by the Member States adequately cover the species and habitats listed in Annexes I and II to the habitats directive. 100% indicates sufficiency of proposals for all Annex I terrestrial habitat types and Annex II terrestrial species of Community interest occuring in Member States' territories.
    • 五月 2019
      来源: Eurostat
      上传者: Knoema
      访问日期: 05 五月, 2019
      选择数据集
      The index of sufficiency of Member States proposals for sites designated under the habitats directive measures the extent to which Sites of Community Importance proposed by the Member States adequately cover the species and habitats listed in Annexes I and II to the habitats directive. 100% indicates sufficiency of proposals for all Annex I terrestrial habitat types and Annex II terrestrial species of Community interest occurring in Member States' territories.
  • T
    • 三月 2019
      来源: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
      上传者: Knoema
      访问日期: 15 五月, 2019
      选择数据集
      The data presented here refer to the latest year available. The data on the state of threatened species build on country replies to the Annual Quality Assurance (AQA) of OECD environmental reference series. These data are harmonised through the work of the OECD Working Party on Environmental Information (WPEI). Some where updated or revised on the basis of comments from national Delegates and in the framework of the OECD Environmental Performance Reviews. When interpreting these data, it should be borne in mind that the number of species known does not always accurately reflect the number of species in extistence and that varying definitions can limit comparability accross countries. Species assessed as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN), or Vulnerable (VU) are referred to as "threatened" species. Reporting the proportion of threatened species on The IUCN Red List is complicated by the fact that not all species groups have been fully evaluated, and also by the fact that some species have so little information available that they can only be assessed as Data Deficient (DD). For many of the incompletely evaluated groups, assessment efforts have focused on species that are likely to be threatened; therefore any percentage of threatened species reported for these groups would be heavily biased (i.e., the % threatened species would likely be an overestimate). The data presented here show numbers of known species (or assessed) and threatened species with the aim of indicating the state of mammals, birds, freshwater fish, reptiles, amphibians, vascular plants, mosses, lichens and invertebrates.

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