Crop statistics refer to the following types of annual data:
area under cultivation, harvested production, yield, humidity and main area for cereals and for other main field crops (mainly dried pulses, root crops, fodder and industrial crops);
harvested area, harvested production and main area for vegetables ;
production area, harvested production and main area for permanent crop.
The data are provided at national level. For some products regional figures (NUTS 1 or 2) are available too. The areas are expressed in 1 000 hectares, the harvested quantities in 1 000 tonnes and the yields in t/ha. The production and yield data are available in EU standard humidity (apro_cpsh) and in national humidity (apro_cpnh). The information concerns more than 100 crop products.
The earliest data are available from 1955 for cereals and from the early 1960's for fruits and vegetables. However, most Member States have started to send in data in the 1970's and 1980's. The statistical system has progressively improved and enlarged. The current Regulation (EC) No 543/2009 entered into force in January 2010. The annex was updated in 2015 through a Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 2015/1557. At present Eurostat receives and publishes harmonised statistical data from 28 Member States, form the EFTA countries and from the candidate and potential candidate countries broken down in:
17 categories and subcategories for cereals;
29 categories and subcategories for other main crops (mainly dry pulses and protein crops, root crops industrial crops and plants harvested green from arable land);
40 categories and subcategories for vegetables;
41 categories and subcategories for permanent crops;
18 categories and subcategories for the Utilised Agricultural Area (UAA).
For the full list of crops, please consult Annex. Some additional crops and transmission deadlines are covered by an ESS agreement on annual crop statistics. The main data sources are administrative records, surveys and expert estimates. National Statistical Institutes or Ministries of Agriculture are responsible for the national data collection in accordance with the Regulations and agreements in force. Eurostat is responsible for drawing the EU aggregations. Regional metadata Please note that for paragraphs where no metadata for regional data has been specified the regional metadata is identical to the metadata for the national data.