Air pollution occurs when chemical, physical or biological substances alter the natural characteristics of the atmosphere, potentially leading to respiratory and other diseases that can be lethal.
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) at the World Health Organization classifies particulate matter, the main component of air pollution, as carcinogenic and published a study in 2013 definitively linking air pollution and lung cancer.
Industrial cities and densely populated metropolises are home to many sources of air pollution or otherwise fail to counter natural and manmade pollution sources, creating public planning risk scenarios that require mitigation. Of concern to health officials in urban areas are: large open grounds without any trees or grass and that may also lack protection against erosion; motorization, including exhaust and particulates from the residue of tire friction against asphalt; and winterization of roadways, commonly with sands and other reagents. Rural living conditions in the developing world can present uniquely challenging pollutants because reducing the pollutants would require cultural adaptations. For example, the use of biomass for fuel and home construction as well as poor sanitation in highly travel roadways generates air pollution.
*PM10 is used to describe particles of 10 micrometers or less and PM2.5 represents particles less than 2.5 micrometers in aerodynamic diameter.
The CITES Secretariat announced today that an offer made by the Russian Federation to host the 70th meeting of the CITES Standing Committee in Sochi from 1 to 5 October 2018 has been accepted by the Chair of the Standing Committee. Date: 1-5 October 2018 Event Holder: IISD-Forest
The Social Progress Index is the result of a two-year process guided by a stellar team of experts which includes, among the others, renowned economists Hernando de Soto and Michael Porter and the president of The Rockefeller Foundation Dr. Judith Rodin. The Index synthesizes a huge body of research to identify the dimensions of performance of societies and measure the social progress comprehensively and rigorously. The Index has been structured around 12 components and 54 distinct indicators consolidated into three dimensions of Social Progress: Basic Human Needs, Foundations of Wellbeing, and Opportunity. The first dimension, Basic...
The Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) considers any matter within the IMO's scope that is concerned with prevention and control of pollution from ships. Event Holder: International Institute for Sustainable Development Source of data: World Development Indicators (WDI), July 2016, Transport infrastructure investment and maintenance spending
The 52nd session of the International Tropical Timber Council (ITTC) and Associated Sessions of the Committees (Finance and Administration; Economic Information and Market Intelligence; Forest Industry; and Reforestation and Forest Management) will be held in November 2016 to address project and governance related issues. The ITTC is the governing body of the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO), which provides a framework for tropical timber producer and consumer countries to discuss and develop policies on issues relating to international trade in, and utilization of, tropical timber and the sustainable management of its...