发生错误 详情 隐藏
您有未保存页面 恢复 取消

February of this year is notable for the fact that the British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, is celebrating her sapphire anniversary, marking 65 years on the British throne. She has reigned as queen of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom since 6 February 1952. Elizabeth II is not only the first monarch in British history to celebrate the sapphire anniversary, surpassing Queen Victoria who ruled for 64 years, but her reign marks a multitude of other records globally. Elizabeth II is now:

  • The most durable crowned ruler in world history, after the passing in October 2016 of King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand.
  • The world's most elderly woman among current heads of state. In Europe, she is the oldest head of state, male or female.
  • The oldest ruling monarch, following the death in January 2015 of King Abdullah Bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saudh of Saudi Arabia.

Throughout the reign of Elizabeth II, her empire has transformed and world events have called on the modern British Empire but also built up its economic and political character and strength:

  • The decolonization process was completed during Elizabeth II’s reign, concluding with the dismantling of the British Empire and its transformation into the Commonwealth of Nations. The Commonwealth includes 12 now independent nations: Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Grenada, Jamaica, Papua New Guinea, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Solomon Islands, and Tuvalu.
  • Her reign also includes the prolonged ethnopolitical conflict in Northern Ireland, the Falklands War, and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, which included the deployment of British ground troops.

The economic performance of the United Kingdom during the reign of Elizabeth II as measured by standard indicators and indices has likely been a boon to the survival of the monarchy. Elizabeth II has maintained the prestige of the British monarchy and its popularity has surged in the United Kingdom despite perpetual criticism from supporters of the abolition of the monarchy as well as some segments of the British media and the general public.

  • During Elizabeth's II rule, GDP per capita in the United Kingdom has risen to $40,412 in 2016 from about $2,186 in 1960, while total GDP has increased almost 120 times from 1952 to 2016, averaging roughly $2.7 billion for each of the last 10 years. The United Kingdom is now ranked among the top 10 countries globally by GDP.
  • Since the start of Elizabeth's II rule in 1952, the inflation rate in the UK rocketed two times to 24 percent in 1975 and to 18 percent in 1980 but after that, it gradually decreased and now, the inflation rate in the UK is classified as low at 1.6 percent as of December 2016. Continued inflation rates this low could signal economic weakness, particularly in the labor market; however, the unemployment rate in the UK remains at about 4.8 percent of the total labor force.
  • The United Kingdom appears to be equally strong on the basis of the quality of governance. According to the Global Innovation Index, the United Kingdom ranked third in 2016 after Sweden and Switzerland and one position ahead of the United States based on the quality of public services, civil service and its independence from political pressures, and quality of policy formulation and implementation, among other measures.

相关数据透视

Women in Parliament Around the Globe

Politics has long been considered as a 'man's world.' Even today, women remain significantly underrepresented in legislative and executive branches of government globally despite research that suggests a strong connection between women in leadership and economic and democratic gains.Today one-fifth of the world's parliamentarians and less than one quarter of national leaders are women. Rwanda, Cuba and Bolivia have the highest share of women parliamentarians, however, Europe has traditionally maintained the highest representation of women in government. As of June 2016, the ratio of men and women lawmakers in Belgium, Sweden, Finland, and...

UN E-Government Development Index

Every two years, the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) through its Division for Public Administration and Development Management (DPADM) publishes the United Nations E-Government Survey. The Survey provides a snapshot with relative rankings of e-government development of all Member States of the United Nations. By ranking the performance of countries on a relative scale, the Survey provides relevant information to support policy makers in shaping their e-government programmes for development. As a composite indicator, the e-government development index (EGDI) is used to measure the willingness and capacity of...

Annual High-Level Anti-Corruption Conference for G20 Governments and Business

With inclusiveness, implementation and investment at the centre of Turkey’s G20 Presidency, the fight against corruption is instrumental to ensure all businesses, from SMEs to big MNEs, play their part in contributing to growth and investment, and can operate with clean hands in a safe environment. Jointly organised by the Turkish Presidency of the G20 and the OECD, this conference builds on the conclusions of the G20 and B20 discussions, implementing the G20 priority for closer co-operation between governments and the private sector. The Event Holder: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Global Slavery Index

Source: Global Slavery IndexEconomyCrimeDemographicsGDP, current prices USDHomicide RateTotal Population ForecastGDP, PPP current intern. $HomicidesPopulation Growth Rate ForecastGDP per capita, current prices USDPercentage of homicides by firearmPopulation Density ForecastGDP per capita, PPP current intern. $Number of homicides by firearmMedian Age of the Population ForecastForeign Direct InvestmentHomicide by firearm rate Total populationTotal External Debt, USDAssault, ratePopulation Growth RateShare of AgricultureKidnapping, ratePopulation DensityShare of ManufacturingRobbery, rateMedian Age of PopulationShare of ServicesRape,...