发生错误 详情 隐藏
您有未保存页面 恢复 取消

Well-functioning legal and judicial institutions are critical to economic growth in modern economies. They define the rules by which markets function, and they provide a means to resolve disputes, protect economic and social rights, and hold governments accountable for their actions. By promoting investment, good judicial institutions can contribute to economic growth and development. “The centrality of a strong justice mechanism lies in its essential contribution to fostering economic stability and growth, and to enabling all manner of disputes to be resolved within a structured and orderly framework” [UNODC, 2011*]

The role of institutions goes beyond the legal framework. Government attitudes toward markets and freedoms and the efficiency of its operations are also very important: excessive bureaucracy and red tape, overregulation, corruption, dishonesty in dealing with public contracts, lack of transparency and trustworthiness, inability to provide appropriate services for the business sector and political dependence of the judicial system impose significant economic costs to businesses and slow the process of economic development. 

Data compiled by two independent international agencies clearly show, that the overall quality of legal system, as well as the quality of justice institutions (both civil and criminal), are directly correlate with the business environment and economic performance:

  • All High-income OECD countries, with only exception of Greece, have high scores on WB Ease of Doing Business and WJP Rule Of Law Index scales;
  • High-income non-OECD countries (with notable exceptions such as Russia, Argentina and Venezuela) also have high scores on both scales, while many Upper-middle-income economies fail primarily by quality of justice indicators. Thus, peculiarities of justice institutions in these countries could add a risk factor and lead to a major loss.
  • Lower-middle-income and low-income economies, on average, have lower scores by all business and legal environment factors, and there are no country with low-income gaining the score higher than median.

In this Viz we invite you to explore interrelations between the quality of business environment and various aspects of legal system performance and the quality of judicial insttitutional framework. Also, we provide detailed UNODC criminal jusice (prosecution and courts) statistics to help provide a more holistic overview.

Sources: World Bank Doing Business 2016 Measuring Regulatory Quality and Efficiency; The World Justice Project's The Rule of Law Index, 2015UNODC Administration of Justice Statistics (2011-2013)

Resource Guide on Strengthening Judicial Integrity and Capacity, UNODC 2011.

Emergent Risk Situation Room Try now

Emergent Risk Situation Room

Interested in a global business intelligence subscription that includes datasets, visualization tools, and real-time information for assessing political, security and business risk? Check out the Emergent Risk Situation Room from our partners at Emergent Risk International.

相关数据透视

India Battles to Clean Up Bad Loans That Threaten Its Financial Stability

India is not only the third largest economy in the world, but of the top 10 largest economies globally, it has the third highest share of bad loans, too. India's non-performing loans represent 10 percent of total bank loans and about $210 billion of outstanding debt. Since 2008 when attention shifted globally to financial stability and the role of the banking sector, the share of non-performing loans in India has grown by 7.5 percent and is expected to worsen in the coming years, according to the Central Bank of India.To preempt a major national banking crisis, New Delhi is striving to clean up stressed debt with the help of resolution...

Number of Starbucks Stores Globally, 1992-2018

Today Starbucks is the largest coffeehouse company in the world, with 27,339 retail locations as of the first quarter of 2018, followed distantly by such coffee shop chains as Dunkin Donuts with about 10,000 restaurants, Tim Hortons with 4,300 outlets, and Costa Coffee with nearly 1,700 stores worldwide. Starbucks was founded in 1971 in Seattle, Washington, and incorporated on November 4, 1985 to become the publicly traded Starbucks Corporation. Based on the company's positive, sustained operating results, it is ranked among Forbes' top-500 world's biggest public companies. As of 2017, Starbucks' profit was $2.9 billion and it had a market...

South Africa Country Outlook (Economic, Business Environment and Health Sector)

Global Entrepreneurship Index 2018

Ecuador has the world's highest share of nascent entrepreneurs per capita at about 30 percent of the population. This measure is known as total early-stage entrepreneurial activity (TEA). But, does this mean that Ecuador is more entrepreneurial than the United States, which has a TEA of only 14 percent? The answer depends on how we define “entrepreneur”.  One key global economic growth driver is the ability of an entrepreneur to bring a concept to market, adding to national income, providing new goods and services, and creating jobs. In doing so, innovative entrepreneurship contributes to the foundation of a stable and civil society. By...