发生错误 详情 隐藏
您有未保存页面 恢复 取消

The Syrian Civil War is the largest ongoing military conflict in the world, already claiming a total of at least 167,000 lives* since civil unrest first erupted in March 2011 on the heels of the Arab Spring. Human life is one measure of a wars devastation. Today, we examine the devastation of war from an economic perspective: international trade.  The disruption in Syrian trade has already lowered its ranking globally from the 88th largest exporter in 2011 to the 141st in 2015.

  • Syria experienced the world's second largest loss of total foreign trade from 2011 to 2015, with exports decreasing by 88 percent and imports by 72 percent. Greater trade losses were experienced only by Aruba, a highly import-dependent island that is economically oriented to tourism and hospitality and financial and business services.
  • The decrease of foreign trade has affected virtually all commodities. There were some minor exceptions. Syrian exports of motor vehicles, fuel wood, and flat-rolled products of alloy steel grew from 2011 to 2015, however, combined these goods constituted less than 0.05 percent of the country's total exports in 2010.
  • The hit to foreign trade was indiscriminate by trade partner as well. Syrian exports to 40 of its trading partners decreased by almost 100 percent (99% or more).

Humanitarian aid has partially offset some of Syria’s loss in merchandise imports. Amounting to roughly $4.5 billion in 2015, aid was almost equal to Syria's total merchandise imports that same year. These numbers should be used and considered with due caution given reporting lapses and losses that go hand-in-hand with a country in civil war.

  • Trade data is not immune to reporting discrepancies, particularly when relying on one country’s exports (say exports of Russia) to estimate another country’s imports (say imports by Syria), or what is known as “mirror partner” trade statistics. According to official data from the United Nations Statistics, since 2011, Syria’s trade in the very fuel of conflict, namely arms and ammunition, has collapsed with Russia—its primary trading partner for these goods.

Learn more about Syria’s trade profile and arms and ammunition trade below in today’s Viz of the Day.

 

* The death toll from the Syrian Civil War varies widely among sources. Visit these sources to learn more: Uppsala Conflict Data Program, and the Syrian Revolution Martyr Database.

相关数据透视

International Trade: Countries by Their Major Exports

Concentration Index of Exports estimates to what extent a country relies on a certain group of commodities. Countries, which are over depending on the export of the definite commodity group as a primary source of the foreign income, are vulnerable to changes in global demand because export earning depends on foreign currencies. According to Policy Research Working Paper, countries that are resource-rich are less diversified. These countries did not try to create a greater variety of exported product, and for now, they are dependent on a small number of resources they specified.  Last year Iraq took first place in Export Concentration Index...

Exports and Imports of Top-10 Commodities, Bolivia

Trade Policy Review: Jordan

Trade Policy Reviews are an exercise, mandated in the WTO agreements, in which member countries' trade and related policies are examined and evaluated at regular intervals. Significant developments that may have an impact on the global trading system are also monitored. All WTO members are subject to review, with the frequency of review depending on the country's size. Event holder:  World Trade Organization

Exports of Goods and Services by Category Data and Charts