The world's 149 million total square kilometers of land is almost equally distributed among agricultural, forest, and other lands.
Agricultural land consumes a slightly disproportionate share at 38 percent of the world's land area. About one third of the agricultural land is used as arable land, two-thirds by permanent meadows and pastures, and the remaining 3 percent as "permanent crops." An examination of the cross-country distribution of agricultural land reveals that China is the world's leader in total agricultural land, whereas Russia--the largest country by total land mass--has half as much agriulcultural land as China.
Russia ranks first, however, by total forest area, with almost half of the country's land area occupied by forest, a critical driver of the Russian economy that is weakened by the activities of illegal logging activities. Total forest area worldwide decreased by nearly 3 percent during the last 20 years, losing a 1 percent share in the Earth's total land area. Forest area gains in Asia, Europe and North America during the period have been unable to compensate for the more than 10 percent decline in Africa's total forest land.
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The first trees emerged about 400 million years ago. Humanity needs only about 18,000 years more to destroy them completely. This estimate is overly simplistic and assumes a “no change” scenario from current trends in deforestation—an annual average loss of -0.13 percent—but it forces us to examine the data from a what if perspective, keeping in mind that forests are one of the most important natural filters and producers of oxygen.One person needs 6 to 9 trees to maintain life, assuming that a single tree produces 100 kg of oxygen per year on average and humans require 740 kg of oxygen per year on average.Humans of course are not alone in...
Temporary crops is all land used for crops with a less than one-year growing cycle and which must be newly sown or planted for further production after the harvest. Countries with the biggest square of temporary crops are Russia, Australia, Argentina, Ukraine, and Sudan. These countries have more than 50 percent of total temporary crops. Source: Resource Statistics - Land
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) will convene this meeting in order to bring together forestry experts and decision-makers from the region. The meeting is one of six region-specific meetings held every two years in support of the FAO Regional Forestry Commissions. Event holder: Food and Agriculture Organization