2014 was a challenging year for world markets and for world currencies too. Almost every currency in the world was devalued (more or less) compared to US dollar. Russian ruble (-42%) and Ukraine hryvnia (-47.5%) became "champions" (due to political conflict between those states). UK Pound Sterling and Pakistani Rupee were the strongest. Among the developed markets US was the best (+12.8% price return year-to-date). European markets were, mainly, disappointing (in USD terms, at least). In the emerging world Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Philippines, Kenya, India, Argentina and some other markets showed exciting 2-digits growth. The worst was, again, Russia (45% loss but in USD terms only).
World stock markets 2014 performance (measured by MSCI family of indexes to make things comparable) in USD and local currencies, and currencies performance relative to USD.
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Since India was under British rule, the rupee was pegged to the British pound. From 1927 to 1966, 13 rupees = 1 pound. The peg was maintained until 1966 when the rupee was devalued and pegged to the U.S. dollar at a rate of 7.5 rupees = 1 dollar. This peg lasted until the U.S. dollar was devalued in 1971.
Source: International Financial Statistics (IFS)
Historical daily, monthly and annual time series. USD, Euro, Japanese yen, Chinese Yuan and other curencies Changes of exchange rates reflect movements of the currency exchange market, that is the interaction between supply and demand for currency units. Increased demand for national currency unit is caused by an increase in demand for national exported goods and services and leads to appreciation of national currency unit. Thus, exchange rate is an important indicator of international trade. See also: Agriculture | Commodities | Demographics | Economics | Education | Energy | Environment | Exchange Rates | Food Security | Foreign...