访问日期： 11 十月, 2018
Battle-Related Deaths Dataset is conflict-year and dyad-year dataset with information on the number of battle-related deaths in the conflicts from 1989-2017 that appear in the UCDP/PRIO Armed Conflict Dataset. The definition of conflict inclusion in this dataset follows the UCDP definition of armed conflict. The Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) defines an armed conflict as a contested incompatibility that concerns government and/or territory over which the use of armed force between two parties, of which at least one is the government of a state, has resulted in at least 25 battle-related deaths in one calendar year. Battle-related deaths refer to those deaths caused by the warring parties that can be directly related to combat. This includes traditional battlefield fighting, guerrilla activities (e.g. hitand-run attacks/ambushes) and all kinds of bombardments of military bases, cities and villages etc. Urban warfare (bombs, explosions, and assassinations) does not resemble what happens on a battlefield, but such deaths are considered to be battle-related. The target for the attacks is either the military forces or representatives for the parties, though there is often substantial collateral damage in the form of civilians being killed in the crossfire, indiscriminate bombings, etc. All fatalities – military as well as civilian – incurred in such situations are counted as battle-related deaths. The data on armed conflicts are compiled by calendar year. They include data on conflict location, type of incompatibility, year the incompatibility was formed, year the warring party began its use of armed force, warring parties, secondary support, negotiations, and battle-related deaths during the year.
Year - the year of observation.
Location - The name of the country/countries whose government(s) has a primary claim to the object in dispute (the incompatibility), as given in the UCDP/PRIO Armed Conflict Dataset.
Incompatibility - a general coding of the conflict issue, if the conflict is an incompatibility over government or over territory, as given in the UCDP/PRIO Armed Conflict Dataset.
Territory Name - the name of the territory over which the conflict is fought, provided that the incompatibility is over territory, as given in the UCDP/PRIO Armed Conflict Dataset.
Type of Conflict - the UCDP/PRIO Armed Conflict Dataset identifies four different types of conflict: extrasystemic (1), interstate (2), internal (3) and internationalized internal (4).
Battle Location - the name of the country/countries in which battle-related deaths that can be related to the incompatibility have been recorded.
Region - Identifies the region of the location. The following regions are given in the UCDP/PRIO Armed Conflict Dataset; Europe (1), Middle East (2), Asia (3), Africa (4), and the Americas (5).
Best estimate - best estimate for battle-related deaths in the conflict/dyad in the given year
Low estimate - low estimate for battle-related deaths in the conflict/dyad in the given year.
High estimate - high estimate for battle-related deaths in the conflict/dyad in the given year.